Gender dysphoria (GD), or gender identity disorder (GID), is the distress a person experiences as a result of the sex and gender they were assigned at birth. In this case, the assigned sex and gender do not match the person’s gender identity, and the person is transgender. There is evidence suggesting that twins who identify with a gender different from their assigned sex may do so not only due to psychological or behavioral causes, but also biological ones related to their genetics or exposure to hormones before birth…..
Transgender people are those who have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex. This small difference makes life tough for them. Today i am talking about those who live in our society , but most of the people ( society) never except them . Yes today i am writing on transgenders .Transgender ( khusra ) reflects a group of people who enjoy the least amount of respect or rights in Pakistan. Due to the controversial nature and typical mindset of people, the subject of Transgender rights in Pakistan is not even discussed now a days if i am not wrong . Mostly our societies / people do not even consider them as a part of their community.
According to recent research studies conducted on transgender-ism, approx one out of 50 children are identified with a transgender tendency/ potential.
It means about 2% population of Pakistan is affected by transgender-ism.
here are several other issues that are faced by transgenders in Pakistan; such as:
There is no government aid or support system to help these individuals live a normal life.
Government institutions and other governing bodies are known to harass these individuals.
In case of any criminal victimization or even sexual harassment, these individuals get no help/ support from the community or government institutions.
Due to literally no job opportunities and financial security, most members of the transgender community is forced to make their living by prostitution.
Pakistan’s transgender community takes another step forward
(Rights) Bill 2017 passed
The Senate decide on Wednesday approved a bill for the protection of transgender person rights, empowering them to determine their own gender identity by Senator Dr Karim Khawaja, on the condition that it goes on to become a law, will allow the trans community to be recognized.
The bill strictly prohibits organisations and companies from discriminating against transgenders at the workplace. It allow transgenders to obtain a driver’s license and passport. It will also give them the option of getting their gender corrected in the (NADRA) records.
Transgender in the Emergency-Room
According to a recent survey, about 70 percent of transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals have faced serious discrimination in a healthcare setting.
Death Rate / suicide Attempts
n a new study, 30 percent of transgender youth report a history of at least one suicide attempt, and nearly 42 percent report a history of self-injury, such as cutting.
A case in Pakistan got flamed when a transgender was shot by unknown militants. The administration got confused whether they should take it to the male ward or female ward in the hospital. Meanwhile, he died.
Reason of suicide Attempts
Mostly after the rejection from their families side , transgender people have increased risks for health problems, including suicide, substance abuse, depression and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. They also faced these challenges like poverty, violence, incarceration and discrimination in housing, employment and healthcare.
- Almost 54 percent experienced a low amount of family rejection, about 31 percent experienced a moderate amount of rejection and about 14 percent experienced a high amount of rejection.
- And 42 % reported attempting suicide at some point in their lives, and about 26 percent reported abusing drugs or alcohol.
Poverty Rate of Transgenders
According to a 2015 survey conducted by the National Center for Transgender Equality, 29 percent of transgenders surveyed live in poverty and 30 percent had been homeless at some point in their lives. Their unemployment rate was 15 percent.
Rights of Transgenders in Islam / and as a citizen
As wl as according to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Supreme Court of Pakistan agreed to give transgender equal rights like other citizens of this country with protection under the article 4 and 9 of the Pakistani constitution 1973.
. In 2013, they got as same rights as all citizens of Pakistan. And the federal and provincial governments give them basic rights of employments, education, health, work in governments different departments during the comparable period of time .
More targeted prevention approaches are needed in combination with increased welfare and employment opportunities to address the specific needs of transgender people. Recently I have studied that nine out of ten trans-people do not consult doctors even in case of serious illness, because of the mistreatment they know they will face in health services.
Country’s first school for transgender
The first school for the transgender community was launched at an event at the Alhamra Open Air Theatre, Gaddafi Stadium, on Sunday. The team said more than 40 aspiring students from the transgender community have already registered with the soon-to-be-operational school. The school will be formally launched through an opening ceremony at Gaddafi Stadium Lahore’s Alhamra Hall,
Pakistan’s first transgender news anchor
Marvia Malik, a 21-year-old news anchor, hit the airwaves last week in Pakistan for what was a landmark broadcast. Malik is transgender, the first to ever deliver the news on television in what is a conservative Muslim nation. Malik made her debut on Kohenoor, a local TV news station in Lahore. She worked as a makeup artist in order to fund her higher studies, before pursuing a career in mass media, graduating with a degree in the latter from Punjab University. She plans to follow through with higher studies. She then applied for a position at Kohenoor News. Regarding the breakthrough with her becoming a news anchor, Marvia has stated that, “Our society treats transgender people shamefully, degrading them, denying them jobs, laughing at them and taunting them.I want to change that
Our society treats transgender people shamefully, degrading them, denying them jobs, laughing at them and taunting them,” Malik said. “I want to change that.”
“My parents never accepted me as their child,” she said. “They will never accept me.”
” She also faced bullying at school and after graduating from high school, was kicked out of the house by her parents.
She said “I cannot express the love and respect I have received here since I began work,” she said. “I have not felt any discrimination.”
But Malik persisted working as a beautician to pay her way through journalism school at Punjab University. The news, she says is her calling in life.