China, officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia. It is the world’s most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The PRC is asingle-party state governed by the Communist Party of China, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing.It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). The PRC also claims the territories governed by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity today commonly known as Taiwan, as a part of its territory, which includes theisland of Taiwan as Taiwan Province, Kinmen and Matsu as a part of Fujian Province and islands the ROC controls in the South China Sea as a part of Hainan Province andGuangdong Province. These claims are controversial because of the complex political status of Taiwan.
China had the largest and most complex economy in the world for most of the past two thousand years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world’s fastest-growing major economies. As of 2014, it is the world’s second-largest economy by nominal total GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). China is also the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world’s largest standing army, with the second-largest defence budget..The PRC has been a United Nations member since 1971, when it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, theShanghai Cooperation Organization, the BCIM and the G-20. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpowerby a number of commentators.
Why is Facebook banned in China?
The blockage (not “banning”, as the use of Facebook in China is not illegal) began several years ago in conjunction with riots in Xinjiang. Twitter became blocked at about the same time. The government alleged that these social networking platforms were being used to coordinate protests in Xinjiang, and to spread rumors harmful to the state. In reality, these social networking platforms were being used by a small handful of people to help get out news and photos to the West regarding the riots and the Chinese government’s poor handling of the situation.
Many expatriates thought at the time that once the troubles in Xinjiang eased, the blocking would cease, as previously such measures had always only been temporary. However, perhaps because there were neither international protests nor repercussions for the blocking, it stayed in place. A sure precondition for lifting the blockage would be to allow the Chinese government to censor content on these platforms, and have access to user information. For awhile, there were indications that Facebook was conducive to allowing the Chinese government such access and control, but there was strong pushback from Facebook users, and Facebook consequently pretty much abandoned plans to expand into the Chinese market.
QQ and other social networking platforms existed at the time when the blockages were instituted, but have only really exhibited explosive growth since then. So, one could say that a side-effect of the government’s action was economic protectionism. However, this was not the primary reason for it. Under current circumstances, even if Twitter and Facebook were to comply with government demands and were unblocked, it is doubtful that they would make much headway in China, as Chinese social networking platforms now have a strong head start.
UPDATE: The riots in question occurred in July 2009, and are described here:. Unless one considers Xinjiang to be located in the Middle East (which is a big stretch), the proximate cause of the Facebook blockage had nothing to do with the Middle East at all, contrary to what some websites report. An archived post from ABC News has some details of the blockage here, linking it clearly to the problems in Urumqi, Xinjiang: .
It’s not just Facebook,but all the foreign websites with User Generated Contents in Chinese are blocked in China.
Chinese government wants to control the Chinese speech on the internet,if it considers something “harmful”,there will be someone call the webmaster to delete the contents,or they will just plug off the power. For a website with a server located overseas like Facebook,the only thing the government do is blocking it.
However,there’s an exception,Wikipedia,which is not blocked wholly,but just sensitive entries.
The Chinese government blocks youtube, facebook and twitter for two reasons :
- Chinese people can find out the view of people around the world about their own country using these sites which would cause dissent and do you know the Tianmen square incident where Tanks come to the place killing many? Well people in Mainland China dont know about that. They have never seen this picture in China. Poor guy!! That is also called Democracy Movement of China but people rarely know of the violence created by the PLA( People’s Liberation Army) and the killings of hundreds or possibly thousands( no clear estimate). Who cares in Communist Party?? But from last week of September 2013 a 17 mile area in Shangai has been granted access to facebook
- China have their own, government owned duplicates of these sites ie weibo (twitter) and youku (youtube) so they want to get more money by forcing all of China to use their own sites instead of giving business where its deserved.
Imagine the situation, you are watching a TV and somebody calls you a bastard from the screen.
You can shout at the screen and try to prove opposite, but it does not work. You can come to your next door neighbor who’ve seen that already and explain that TV is wrong! But it is not effective, you can not come to everybody and even if you can, you will end up proving you are not a camel all the time.
So, here we have a typical example of asymmetric information flow. If inflow is higher, then your outflow – then it is impossible to prove you are right.
Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Google make huge information outflow with immediate effect on people. Remember Muslim riots after video published on YouTube? Most of attendees even did not have access to Internet, but riots happened like a spark.
The right answer, if you can not control the information outflow, then you should block it and create your own. This is why Youtube, Facebook and Twitter are blocked, but Weibo, RenRen and Youku succesfully exist in China.
References : https://www.quora.com/Why-China-government-banned-Facebook-Twitter-product-YouTube-etc https://www.quora.com/Why-is-Facebook-banned-in-China-1