MIS

Define MIS ?

 

Define System :  

A system is defined as a set of interrelated components with a clearly designed boundaries working together to a device  a common set of objective by accepting inputs and produced outputs in an organized transformation process .

scope — starting and ending    |   boundaries — (limits) designed database of                                                                                                                         some students

P = E – R   (Profit = Expense – Revenue )

Decision support systems (DSS) :  are interactive software-based systems intended to help managers in decision-making by accessing large volumes of information generated from various related information systems.

Types of decisions :

  • programmed decision
  • non programmed decision

Programmed decision are automatically process and general routine work where : these decision have been taken several times , these decision follow some guide lines or rules .

Example :

Product | inventory

oil                   200

floor              100

sugar             20

biscuits          10

program condition :

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main()
{
 int x=10;
 int qty;
 int remaining;
 int add;
 
 cout<<"Enter quantity: ";
 cin>>qty;

 remaining = x - qty;

 if(qty<=5)
 {
 cout<<"remaining :"<

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main()
{
int x=10;
int qty;
int remaining;
int add;
int product;

cout<<“Ahsan Bakers :\n\n”;
cout<<” oil 10\n”;
cout<<” floor 10\n”;
cout<<” sugar 10\n”;
cout<<” biscuits 10\n”;

cout<<“enter your product:”;
cin>>product;

if(product==1)
{
cout<<“you have selected oil”;
cout<<“Enter quantity: “;
cin>>qty;

remaining = x – qty;

if(qty<=5)
{
cout<<“remaining :”<<remaining;
add=qty+remaining;
cout<<“auto add :”<<add;
}
}
if(product==2)
{
cout<<“you have selected floor”;
cout<<“Enter quantity: “;
cin>>qty;

remaining = x – qty;

if(qty<=5)
{
cout<<“remaining :”<<remaining;
add=qty+remaining;
cout<<“auto add :”<<add;
}
}
if(product==3)
{
cout<<“you have selected sugar”;
cout<<“Enter quantity: “;
cin>>qty;

remaining = x – qty;

if(qty<=5)
{
cout<<“remaining :”<<remaining;
add=qty+remaining;
cout<<“auto add :”<<add;
}
}
if(product==4)
{
cout<<“you have selected floor”;
cout<<“Enter quantity: “;
cin>>qty;

remaining = x – qty;

if(qty<=5)
{
cout<<“remaining :”<<remaining;
add=qty+remaining;
cout<<“auto add :”<<add;
}
}

return 0;
}

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Non Programmed decision have no rules exists.


Programmed and Non-programmed Decisions

There are two types of decisions – programmed and non-programmed decisions.

Programmed decisions are basically automated processes, general routine work, where:

  • These decisions have been taken several times.
  • These decisions follow some guidelines or rules.

For example, selecting a reorder level for inventories, is a programmed decision.

Non-programmed decisions occur in unusual and non-addressed situations, so:

  • It would be a new decision.
  • There will not be any rules to follow.
  • These decisions are made based on the available information.
  • These decisions are based on the manger’s discretion, instinct, perception and judgment.

 Resource of MIS:

  • People  – human resources ( end user , developer of MIS )
  •  Hardware( machine , media )
  • Software – ( program , procedure )
  • Data –
  • Network – ( how to access )

 


5 Competitive forces 

 

 

  • Rivalry of competitors within an industry
  • Threat of new entrants into an industry
  • Threat posed by substitute products which might capture market share
  • Bargaining power of customers
  • Bargaining power of suppliers

Rivalry of competitors :

  • Online-shopping, E-commerce increase rivalry
  • Price comparison tools (Google Product Search, Shopzilla, etc.) increase rivalry.
  • Industries with high rivalry?
  • Industries with low rivalry?

 

Threat of new entrants :

  • E-commerce enables a business to emerge overnight
  • A medium-sized retail store can become a global E-commerce competitor at little cost.

Bargaining power :

 

aa

 

Competitive Strategies :

1.Cost Leadership

2.Differentiation

3.Innovation

4.Growth

5.Alliance

 

Cost Leadership Strategy:

Using information technology to become the lowest-cost provider of products and services

  • Using IT to reduce costs : Example: Dell
  • ¨Leveraging IT investments to drive up costs for the competition Example: Apple

 

Differentiation Strategy:  Developing ways to differentiate a firm’s products and services from its competitors’

¨Example: Starbuck vs. Dunkin Donuts

 

Innovation Strategy : 

  • ebayDevelopment of unique products and services
  • Entry into a unique market
  • Making radical changes that alter the fundamental structure of an industry (ebay).

ebay-toys-2_905

Growth Strategy :

  • Significantly expanding capacity to produce goods and services                 -Expanding into global markets
  • Diversifying into new products and services
  • Integrating into related products and services
  • E-commerce: enables Global Reach for small companies

 

Alliance Strategy :

-Establishing new business linkages and alliances with

  • ¨customers,
  • ¨suppliers,
  • ¨competitors,
  • ¨consultants, etc.

-Supplier and Retailer sharing information systems, sharing IT infrastructure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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